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Lesson Inheritance in Islam.
Inheritance is a global human system adopted by nations, past and present, because it fits in the human instinct of love and pursuit of property and solves the problem of disposing of a deceased person's wealth after his death.
The rulings of inheritance in Islamic law are distinguished by their dealing with many intricate details related to the circumstances of the bequeather, the heirs, and the share of each, in an integrated and unique system. Among the advantages of detailing the system of inheritance in Islam is the resolution of the causes of conflict between the deceased person's relatives. This is due to the heirs knowing that the inheritance has been distributed among them by the command of Allah, their hearts will be at ease, and they will be satisfied with His distribution. Another advantage is preserving the rights of all the heirs, so the matter is not left to the discretion and diligence of some, so they withhold from whom they want and give to whom they wish, which is a cause for conflict and division.
The Main Aspects of Inheritance
The deceased person who leaves an inheritance.
The person that lives on after the deceased person and is eligible to inherit because of one of the eligibility rules of inheritance.
The estate, inheritance, or legacy; is what the deceased person leaves of wealth or a right to be inherited.
Conditions of Inheritance
The Order of Distributing Inheritance
Distinct Qualities of the Rulings of Inheritance in Islamic law.
Male inheritors who inherit are ten as agreed upon. They are in brief: the son, then the son’s son and lower; the father, then the grandfather and higher; the brother, then the nephew, the uncle, then the cousin, the husband, and the freed slave.
The Female Inheritors
Female inheritors are seven they are in brief: the daughter, the daughter of the son, and lower, the mother, the grandmother, and higher, the sister, the wife, and the freed slave-girl.
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